Like all the organs of our body the skin ages, this natural and unavoidable phenomenon results in the appearance of wrinkles, stains and loss of firmness. The main enemy of this skin aging is the sun even though many other factors also come into play.
Here are the most common rejuvenation techniques:
1. Anti-wrinkle care
The first thing to do is to protect yourself from the sun at a very young age and moisturize your skin every day, then apply anti-wrinkle care adapted to your skin.
2. Dermabrasion, peeling and photo-rejuvenation
If the use of anti-wrinkle care no longer satisfies you enough, you can go to a higher stage with dermabrasion, peeling and photo-rejuvenation. These 3 techniques start to be a little more invasive while remaining a local surface treatment practiced sometimes under local anesthesia depending on your sensitivity to pain.
The dermabrasion involves mechanically removing a certain thickness of the skin via an abrasive rotary apparatus. The skin is thus rid of its superficial cells, leaving its surface completely smooth and conducive to a new epidermis. Which makes the complexion much clearer, fresh and smooth. This technique, very precise and localized in certain areas, works very well on fine lines and various types of scars, even the deepest ones such as those of juvenile acne. Only one session is necessary to have results.
The peel will use chemicals that will irritate the skin to regenerate it. There are 3 levels of peeling according to the products used:
- Superficial with the use of AHA or “fruit acids” such as glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid. If the concentration is less than 30%, you can do it at home, otherwise it is with a doctor.
- Medium via the application of TCA (trichloroacetic acid) concentrated between 30 to 50%, the desquamation caused will depend on the concentration of TCA and is always done by a doctor.
- Deep with the use of products like phenol (phenolic acid) and only in a medical office or clinic because, it is very toxic for the heart thus requiring a heart monitoring and local anesthesia see general.
The peel will be particularly suitable for treating skin pigmentation problems (brown spots, blotchy complexion, pregnancy mask, pigmented scars from acne pimples, etc.). One session is enough to get results.
The photo-rejuvenation using pulsed light or flash called intense pulsed light that will stimulate natural collagen production by acting on the epidermal cells to reduce jobs and stimulate the dermis redensifying. This method, virtually painless, will be mainly used for brown or red spots. It provides an improvement in the texture, color, tone and elasticity of the skin, but it takes an average of 5 sessions to achieve the expected results.
3. The Laser
Today, there are several types of laser to treat the various symptoms of skin aging. Photo-rejuvenation using light can be included in so-called laser techniques. Depending on the type of problems to be corrected and the type of laser used, the results will vary in efficiency and duration. Some are painful and will require several sessions spaced and others are less and will be used once. Often, local anesthesia is practiced because it is a more or less invasive method depending on the type of laser.
The injections are done in the deep layers of the skin and therefore are invasive, they must be practiced by professionals.
The best known are Botox injections , which inject botulinum toxin to relax the muscles responsible for expression lines, most often located on the forehead and between the eyebrows. The injections must be repeated every 3 to 4 months.
Wrinkle fillings via Hyaluronic Acid in gel form. This active ingredient is a constituent of our dermis, which makes it very well tolerated by our body and biodegradable. It participates in the hydration of the skin by capturing the water and keeping it in the deep layers, a little like a sponge. When the product is injected, it will gorge with water and mix with the hyaluronic acid present in the skin, which will cause a “swelling” and exfoliating wrinkles. These injections are mainly used for the nasolabial folds (on both sides of the nose) and the folds of bitterness (on each side of the mouth up to the chin) even if now its use is spreading to almost all areas. The effects can last up to 12 months.